UNESCO supports its member states in establishing structures for research, science, technology and innovation. Science is a pre-condition for every country to reduce poverty, to create jobs and to strengthen economic development. Many governments claim that long-term investments in scientific structures cannot be afforded the given the urgent problems they are facing. UNESCO, the regional economic commissions of the UN, UNU, OECD and the World Bank provide support to such countries in organizing the necessary policy processes.
UNESCO currently focuses its work in science policy on Africa. UNESCO is helping some 20 African countries to reform their national science policy and to build capacities in statistics. To this end, UNESCO has closely aligned its activities with the African Union and NEPAD. DUK supports this work (more information here).
Science in Africa (UNESCO brochure)
UNESCO is also active in this respect in other world regions like Southeast Europe, the Arab States or Asia. UNESCO's UNISPAR project helps to merge the interests of industry and of science in so-called "Science Parks".
World Science Forum
UNESCO has established fora at the regional and at the global level to bring together politicians and experts to debate on the issue of science policy. Since 2003, UNESCO organizes the World Science Forum, together with the Hungarian Academy of Science, the European Commission and the International Council for Science (ICSU). The Forum takes place every two years in Budapest on the occasion of the "World Science Day for Peace and Development" on 10 November. High-level politicians, Nobel laureates and representatives of science organizations regularly attend the Forum. The November 2009 edition was themed: "Knowledge and Future".
World Science Reports
UNESCO has compiled and published in 1993, 1996, 1998, 2005 and 2010 comprehensive World Science Reports. The 2010 edition can be downloaded on the UNESCO website.