Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution. This open license permits authors to choose freely which rights they want to grant users. OER include individual material, course material, Videos, pod-casts or complete books. Any medium can be used to create OER.
UNESCO has shaped the term “Open Educational Resources” and believes that OER provide an opportunity to improve universal access to education and to build knowledge societies.
In June 2012 the first UNESCO World-Congress on OER took place in Paris. The participating experts, government representatives and researchers adopted the “Paris 2012 OER Declaration” which calls on governments worldwide to openly license publicly funded educational materials for public use.
In order to contribute to the debate on OER in Germany, the German National Commission for UNESCO published a translated and adapted version of the UNESCO publication “A basic guide to Open Educational Resources” (pages 1-21). The publication includes a German version of the Paris 2012 OER Declaration.